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15 STEM and STEAM Activities for Grades1-5

Grade 1-5 kids are eager learners. They are highly curious and active. However, their playfulness may affect their learning abilities, if it is not directed in the right way. Teachers and parents have the mandate to guide the learning of these little ones and ensure they grasp concepts as easily as possible. This is especially the case with the science, technical, engineering, art, and mathematics activities, as they are quite challenging. Triggering the thinking capacity of the students through STEM and STEAM activities encourages them to explore ideas, experiment and learning the process. Here is a list of 15 activities that you can engage your grade 1-5 kid at school or at home.

15 STEM and STEAM Activities for Grade1-5

15 STEM and STEAM Activities for Grade1-5

  1. Sugar Density Rainbow

This physical science activity is easy to prepare at home or at school. You will need water, food, colour, glass jars, measuring jars, teaspoon, and sugar. Your kid will learn how to measure different substances through this experiment. For instance, he or she will measure a cup of water and pour this into each of the jars to acquire an equal amount of water. He will also measure out the food colour and place different colours into the glass jars to obtain the colours of the rainbow. The kids will then experiment with the different liquids to create varying densities by starting with zero spoons of sugar and adding one spoonful to each consecutive liquid. After dissolving the sugar, the kids will make a tower using the glass jars and observe the differences in the density through the varying abilities to sink. http://coolscienceexperimentshq.com/

  1. Geometric Shapes

Kids may struggle with getting the concepts in their geometry class. However, making the activity playful will enhance their learning by triggering their creativity and imagination. Playing around with the geometric shapes may even trigger their art and design interest, making the activity more worthwhile. You will need foam sheets, blocks of various shapes, scissors, and straws.

  1. Growing Plants

Children in the 1-5th grades have already appreciated the role of nature in science. It would be worthwhile to introduce them to the concepts of germination and the conditions required by a seed to turn into a seedling through their garden. Have them grow a seed of their choice, cultivate and monitor it until it sprouts and turns into a seedling. The satisfaction they will get out of the nurture, combined with the learning taking place, makes this a must try STEM activity.

  1. Building Bridges

This engineering activity is perfect for kids in the 1 – 5th-grades. They will create the bridges using their building blocks and ensure they capture the essential sections of a bridge such as an arc, a truss, suspension, and beam. This will make grasping ideas about the bridge easier, real, and practical. http://www.creativefamilyfun.net/

  1. Bottle water fountain

This simple experiment helps the children bring the concept of a water fountain to their home or school they can reproduce the fountain using blu-tac, a bottle, a straw, a balloon, and water. It demonstrates the idea that air occupies space. Create a hole for the straw at the side of the bottle and seal any licks. Pour water past the hole then blow the balloon and place it at the top of the bottle.

  1. Straw Roller Coasters

These also provide an amazing opportunity for the kids to learn engineering concepts. Using straws, they will try to recreate their favourite roller coasters. It teaches them about the basics of construction, such as the need for foundations and nodes in creating stability.

  1. Subtraction games

Mathematics can become lively for the kids if it is done practically. Have them count objects and subtract some to determine the remaining number. This is, even more, fun with candy, whereby the kid gets to eat the subtracted ones for every correct answer. It forms an amazing group activity.

  1. Pattern blocks

This activity enhances learning in mathematics by helping the kids appreciate the addition concepts whereas they are learning about different shapes. They can also learn about counting, measurement, and number recognition from this activity. It involves rolling the dice, counting the number of dots that appear on the face-up, and identifying the accompanying shape.

  1. Cabbage juice

Kids can help in the kitchen and learn through this STEM activity. Besides boosting their confidence that you trusted them to help with this preparation, they will learn scientific ideologies on the extraction of juice from plant products. You may use the opportunity to share about the advantages of natural food through the nutritional value of the juice they prepared. Disclaimer: They may not like the taste, even if they made it!

  1. Constellations

Teach the kids this complex idea through a playful experiment. The idea is to recreate the solar systems they know, as well as the famous Milky Way. They can create this craftily, using stars of different colours and drawing lines to connect the joints and make the expected feature. A black background will help reproduce the real scenario.

  1. Decimals

Decimals can be fun to learn if you do it using visuals. The kids will appreciate the place value of figures they create, rather than those already printed in the textbooks. They will alter transfer this knowledge to their class work. Moreover, using the money to explain decimals can be a realistic venture since children can remember the logic behind the change they received at the store, more easily.

  1. Fractions

A great way to learn about fractions is to use shapes such as circles, rectangles, and squares. Besides appreciating the different shapes, the kids can create different fractions and colour them differently. For instance, a circle will be cut into two to form two halves. The halves, cut into two, will for two quarters.

  1. Hydroponics

The kids can learn this concept easily in their classroom or at home. You will need an aquarium that allows you to plant seeds at the top. This way, children will monitor the progress of the seeds as they turn into seedlings and eventually plants. This will help them appreciate and recall the idea of hydroponics.

  1. Pulley

This physics concept can be learnt from the comfort of the home, or outdoors. Kids will realize that they can carry heavy stuff easily if they create an artificial pulley system. This may involve tying a rope to the handle of a bucket full of sand, and then lifting it by sliding the rope across the doorknob.

  1. Machine drawings

Another concept that helps the kids appreciate scientific ideologies is the use of drawings. The children can make drawings of machines they can recall or see, trying to imitate its real parameters as closely as possible. This may also help them appreciate art and design. http://artfulparent.com/jean-vant-hul-writer-childrens-art-enabler

SUMITA MUKHERJEE
 

Sumita Mukherjee is International Best Selling Author and NASA STEM certified leader. Her website, ww.wizkids.Club was created with a vision to raise the next generation of creative leaders. WizKids.Club offers highly engaging kids activities, educational books, experiments, hands-on projects, DIYs, travel stories and engineering books perfect for children 4-12 years to spark creativity and scientific learning.

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